Istanbul Archeology Museums

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What to see and things to do in TURKEY

Turkey is the only country that is bridge between Asia and Europe continents. Both natural and cultural richness and nearness to natural resources Turkey’s geopolitical location is the primary. Because of this Turkey hosted lots of nation and, was the aim of many empires and witnessed lots of war for this reasons. Anatolia and Rumelia that has been the residential area of numerous community, forms Turkey’s borders. Within these borders by holding traces of history in 7 different region of the country, in spite of developing technology and industrialization there are still wonders that protects its beauty and exhibits it to us with all its generosity.
Istanbul is the evidence for that by summarizing all of the properties of the country in two shakes. It embodies Turkey’s all properties with its architecture and hidden heavens. In addition to this, Turkey is opening doors for everybody from every part of the world with its all cities and all localities. On the one hand Ephesus, Bursa, Çanakkale and so on for the historical vacations, on the other hand nonesuch natural beauty that amazes visitors Pamukkale, Cappadocia, 4 season vacation possibility serving Karadeniz(Blacksea) Ege(Aegean) and Akdeniz(Mediterranean) Regions Turkey is hosting millions of guest every year. Either you can breathe relax and green fresh air in the middle of summer or live an unforgettable summer vacation in Mediterranean shores. If you want relieve your stress by skiing over Bursa’s magnificent Uludağ in winter or taste different winter meals of the country in the eastern part of Turkey. Turkey is one of the fantastic countries that you can spend your vacation in every city and every region with hospitable people of it. It is impossible for you to not to come across with different countries’ mosques, different period’s churches and synagogues in every corner of the Anatolia which hosted every kind of people from every nation during the ages. Armenian, Catholic, Bulgarian churches Roman patriarchates various cathedrals and synagogues that blinds you with their different architecture is existing in every part of Turkey. And also Christian world’s important pilgrimage center House of Virgin Mary is in the countries’ on of the most precious cities. You can be sure that this region which is hosting numerous pilgrim, can welcome you with different alternatives. Of course it is not just sightseeing places of Turkey that gains currency. The countries each region has got their own culture climate and cuisine also. The diversity that you cannot find over the world is just available in court kitchen. All kind of meals and all kind of pleasure addressing Turkish cuisine will make you lick your fingers. Again each locality will open a door to a different culture and meet you with different tastes and you will be amazed richness of the cuisine.
It is not possible to fit beauties of this world wonders in this few minutes. There is no need to be pessimistic if you do not have time to travel all over the country. There is a website that gives you detailed information about Turkey’s most beautiful cities.There are also high mountains, such as Ağrı, Kaçkar, Süphan and Ilgaz that allows you climbing sports and you may also enjoy winter sports in such mountains as Uludağ, Palandöken, Sarıkamış. These mountains contains facilities for skiing. If you wish, you may relax your spirit in the gren plateaus of Karadeniz while drinking your well steeped tea. As a country that surrounded on three sides by seas, Turkey, with her clean bays, long beaches and bright waters, is an excellent place for summer vacation. If you do not make parasailing in Fethiye Ölüdeniz, you may not complete your list of places to see.For discovering the handicraft such as marbeling[Ebru], calligraphy[hat] and ceramic or excellent Turkish rugs which are sewed by hand or local houses of Harran and Safranbolu, or Turkey’s foods and cloths awaits you!

Half Day
1 day

Location : Istanbul / Sultanahmet

Established in 1891 as the Müze-I Humayun [Imperial Museum], the Istanbul Archeology Museums are the leaders in the field of archeology science. Gathered and preserved by Fethi Ahmet Paşa, the Tophane-i Amire Musiri [Federal Marshal] in 1266 Hijri in the Aya Irini Church. The asar-i atika [old works] attract the attention of both domestic and foreign visitors. Upon the odd interest of the above-mentioned people on the war tools and gathering information on them, Harbiye Nezareti [Ministry of War] became anxious about it and vacated the old works from Aya Irini Church and transferred it to Cinili Mansion in Topkapi Palace. The first nizamname [ordinance], prepared on April 8, 1874 to safeguard the old works, was amended by Osman Hamdi Bey in 1822 in accordance with the conditions of those day with the claim for that nizamname privileging the foreigners more; and Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi was built in 1883, what today is called as Eski Şark Eserleri Müzesi [Old Oriental Works Museum].

Continuing its words on enlisting how Muze-i Humayun was mentioned in the laws and regulations of Maarif Nezareti [Ministry of Education], Alpay has also stressed on the structuring of Istanbul Archeology Musem, which is comprised of three museums as above-mentioned, and on the works in them. As we learned from Alpay, a Tablet Archive, which preserves cuneiform writings, and the works of eastern origin nations like Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Phoenicia, Hebrew and Hittite. The building or Archeology Museum exhibits works of Byzantine and Rome periods, works belonging to Christianity like sarcophagus; portraits and sculptures, medals, seals, coins and coin cabins of Islamic and non-Islamic origins, besides a library. In the Cinili Mansion, however, Islamic works are displayed. Along with that, there are manuscripts of Pashas. In other words, the Museum contains very significant and precious works, coming from various regions within the Ottoman Empire, from Balkans to Africa, from Anatolia and Mesopotamia to Arabian Peninsular. Since the period of Sultan Abdulmecid, in the period between 1840 and 1922, including the documents other than the archeological ones, several services of classification, cataloguing, inventory generation and research are made on the original documents of around 150,000 official correspondences; and, The Ottoman Archeological Documents Archive was established under the Directorate of Istanbul Archeology Museums. Drawing attention to the two PhD thesis realized from the archive documents, Alpay also mentions about infrastructural work on the classification and research operations in the Ottoman Archeological Documents Archive of Istanbul Archeology Museums.

After giving information on the history, structuring and reorganization of Istanbul Archeology Museums’ Archive, Alpay expresses the benefit of applying to the authorities for reopening of the archive to the readers and researches, which was closed to them as of 4 January 2005; and, he completed his speech by connecting this issue to the perception of the old works and pointed at the importance of remedying this fault by reopening the archive.

The library, which forms one section of the Istanbul Archeology Museums, is located in the Eminönü district of Istanbul. The library, together with the museum building, was built by the renowned architects of that period and by the professor of Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i Alisi, the Architect Aleixandre Vallaury. In the new museum’s building, the façade of the antique works were paid special attention. It is said that the outer façade was inspired by Aglayan Kadinlar Lahdi [Crying Women Sacrophagous]. Spacious halls are allocated for the display and organization of the museum. The first part of the museum was opened in 1891, and ther other parts were opened in 1903 and 1907 with the permission of Sultan Abdülhamit II. The museum library is located next to the Treasure Room on the upper level and is called the Imperial Library.

One enters the two-storied library through a large hall, and it is decorated with wooden works from the floor to the ceiling. The library covers a space of roughly 500 square meters. The major part of the library houses the books of Osman Hamdi Bey, which were provided either by donation or by purchase. The number of manuscripts and printed works have increased to a very considerable number since its opening It contains the specialized works in the domains of scientific, archeology, the history of art, and history in several languages. Furthermore, there are very significant collections obtained through donations. The collections of Ahmet Cevat Paşa, Mehmet Şakir Paşa, Sultan Mehmet Resat V , Diyarbekirli Sait Paşa, Recaizade Ekrem, Murtaza Hocazade Hatice Hanim, Zeki Megamiz, Karaman Buyukkaya, and H. Turhan Daglioğlu are among the major collections held in the library.

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